Innovative Practice 2018 on Accessibility

Inclusive Post-Earthquake Reconstruction

Action on Disability Rights and Development (ADRAD) is an NGO located in Kathmandu, Nepal. The Inclusive Post-Earthquake Reconstruction: Public Building Safe and Accessible for All, initiated by ADRAD, is a project designed to ensure inclusive post-disaster reconstruction and reform in the 14 most affected areas of Kathmandu. As part of the project, accessibility standards were improved by the government, the parliament amended relevant laws to bring them in line with the UN Convention the Rights of People with Disabilities (UNCRPD), and disabled people’s organizations (DPOs) trained hundreds of persons with disabilities in mapping and monitoring all reconstruction work.

“The government’s Post-Disasters Reconstruction Framework has accommodated persons with disabilities as a major beneficiaries group, and a remarkable number of persons with disabilities had the opportunity to benefit from state services during post-earthquake reform.”

About the practice at a glance
Name of Innovative Practice:Inclusive Post-Earthquake Reconstruction
Organisation:Action on Disability Rights and Development (ADRAD)
of Implementation
Nepal, Kathmandu


From January 2016 to May 2017:

  • 145 construction workers, designers, engineers, and contractors were trained on accessibility standards and disability rights.
  • 6,765 persons with disabilities and their families received first-phase funding for reconstructing new houses.
  • 72 meetings of the district disasters committee were attended by persons with disabilities.


In April 2015 a strong earthquake struck Nepal, injuring and disabling around 3,000 people. This also led to the destruction of private houses and public buildings, including education and health facilities. Notably, former post-earthquake reconstruction failed to result in more accessible public buildings.


Of the 31 most affected districts of Kathmandu, the government prioritized and classified 14 as “severely affected.” ADRAD then mobilized persons with disabilities in their local communities and got them involved in planning, monitoring, and advocating a disability-inclusive approach to the reconstruction process. At the same time, the Picture of a facility with accessible features, such as a ramp.organization was engaged in co-drafting the national post-disaster reform framework. Accessibility and disability trainings were established for construction workers and designers, and advocacy meetings with concerned authorities were held regularly to ensure inclusion.

The project led the government to implement new accessibility standards when building schools and public places. (The provision of accessible schools is included in the newly adopted Inclusive Education Policy of January of 2017.) At the same time, the parliament amended the Disabled Persons Protection and Welfare Act of 1982 and brought it in line with the UNCRPD such that the act now covers accessibility measures in all public places.

Since the start of the programme, 780 persons with disabilities have been trained for mapping and monitoring the accessibility standards and have become leaders on a local level to guarantee accessible reconstruction. To date, 87 public buildings – including health facilities,schools, and public toilets – have been made accessible during the post-earthquake reconstruction process.


As a result of the Inclusive Post-Earthquake Reconstruction initiative, the government has assigned representatives of DPOs to plan and design accessible public places. Newly developed municipalities are adopting the accessibility standards laid out by the government, and the project is being replicated in other districts. The mapping of A person with mobility disabilities and a person with visual impairments accessing the ramp.accessibility measures and post-disaster reconstruction includes new legislation, directives, and relevant government documents.
The project has the potential to be executed by other governments and local bodies as part of a monitoring mechanism to implement accessibility standards in line with the UNCRPD. Elsewhere in Nepal, local bodies have funds for making accessible public places, thus the project could potentially be replicated throughout the country.
The project was funded by the public (56,000 US Dollars), by civil society (46,000 US Dollars), and through other kinds of non-financial support.

Download factsheet as accessible Word


Watch Video of the Zero Project Award Ceremony