Innovative Policy 2016 on Inclusive education and ICT
Inclusive Education rolled-out throughout Ghana
|Responsible body||Ministry of Education|
Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy provides a more harmonized and strategic approach to planning and financial prioritization in order to roll-out Inclusive Education activities on a wider scale and reach all learners with special educational needs. The policy is complemented by a comprehensive five-year implementation plan (2015–2019) that includes indicators, a timeframe, a budget, and responsible stakeholders for each action to be undertaken.
Despite an overall increase in school enrolment in Ghana, some children continued to be left behind, particularly children with disabilities, who went either to segregated boarding schools or were not enrolled at all. In 2009, Inclusive Education was piloted in the Central, Greater Accra, and Eastern Region, and by 2011 it was implemented in 529 schools. To roll-out these activities, UNICEF, the Ghana Blind Union, and Inclusion Ghana commenced discussions with the Ghana Education Service, the Ministry of Education, and other stakeholders to develop a policy framework. The involvement of non-state actors was key to the policy’s adoption, along with an accompanying implementation plan.
Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy of 2013 is a national legally-binding policy. To adapt the existing education system, special schools are transformed to serve as resource centres, school infrastructure is improved, and funding is provided. To promote a learner-friendly school environment, curricula and teacher training are reviewed and resources are provided. Staff, community, and media are also sensitized. Both private and public schools in Ghana must implement Inclusive Education and cannot deny admission. The responsibilities of ministries are clearly defined and the government is the principal funder. The implementation plan provides for the expected deliverables, including indicators, budget, timeframe, actors, and collaborating ministries or agencies. All institutions have to include Inclusive Education issues in their planning documents, which are reviewed annually. The policy will be reviewed every five years.
Nominated by: Auberon Jeleel ODOOM, Inclusion Ghana