Are all persons with disabilities legally entitled to all the finance needed to support their living independently and being included in the community?
This question refers both to the extent of the finance to which persons with disabilities are legally entitled, and to who actually is entitled to such finance. In Vienna, Austria, for example, blind persons, or those under guardianship, are excluded. Such finance needs to include that required, for example, for: transport, assistance in the home, de-institutionalisation or, indeed, the reverse – if that is the disabled person’s choice. In the current economic conditions, this issue is particularly important, please do indicate (with details) if the situation has changed over the past year.
Relates to Convention Article:
- No.19, Living independently and being included in the community
Article 19 prescribes that “States Parties…shall take effective and appropriate measures to facilitate full enjoyment by persons with disabilities of this right and their full inclusion and participation in the community, including by ensuring that… Persons with disabilities have access to a range of in-home, residential and other community support services, including personal assistance necessary to support living and inclusion in the community”.
If the government legally mandates or organises personal assistance services, the question remains whether these are affordable for persons with disabilities and whether they are offered to all such persons. This question refers both to the extent of the finance to which persons with disabilities are legally entitled, and to who actually is entitled to such finance.
Generally speaking, the map clearly shows that financial support for independent living is still centered in Europe.
Regarding specifically state allowances towards independent living, the situation seems to be directly related to the type of welfare system of the country taken into consideration. Similar to what happen with the results on employment, the EU is pictured at the same level as Central and Eastern Europe – effects that can also be linked to the austerity measures and cuts done by EU governments as a consequence of the financial crisis.