In a situation of risk, is the state’s early warning system accessible to all persons with disabilities?
Systems that could be in place include: city lights, SMS-services, eMail services etc. But any existing system should not be limited to either radio or public address systems/sirens – in line with the two-sense principle. “Situation of risk” includes situations of armed conflict, humanitarian emergencies and the occurrence of natural disasters.
Relates to Convention Article:
- No.11, Situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies
The UN Convention contains a separate article, No. 11, on situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies, including situations of armed conflict and the occurrence of natural disasters.
In the context of this survey, it is only possible to inquire about measures that are taken in the event of a national emergency. One particular requirement for all measures – in any country – is that the emergency alarm must also reach all persons with disabilities in good time (simultaneously). The siren alarms used in most countries are not sufficient to meet this criterion, particularly for the hearing impaired. The question also elicits an important answer should no such early warning system actually exist.
The map is showing particularly dispiriting results on emergency issues: 89 out of the 130 countries surveyed replied an overwhelming “No” to the accessibility of the state’s early warning systems; only 7 countries replied “Yes” (Bangladesh, Jordan, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Nicaragua, St. Lucia, UK and USA) but looking at the additional given comments, the answer is closer to “Yes, with qualifications” in all those countries.