Is official data available on the enrolment of children with disabilities in preschool and kindergarten?
In many countries there seems to be a lack of data about children with disabilities since they are not registered at birth. If no such registration and identification mechanisms are in place it will be very difficult to implement early intervention programs. In order to enhance measures for early detection of, and intervention for, children with disabilities it would be valuable to know whether such data exists. In some countries the preschool and kindergarten education might not be a national responsibility but rather regional, therefore please also indicate in case official data exists, but only on regional level.
Collecting data on the enrollment of children with disabilities in kindergarten does not seem to be common practice. 52 percent of respondents stated that such data is not being collected and not available in their respective countries. There seems to be some kind of data available in many countries – 37 percent answered yes with qualifications, in some countries the data does not include all schools: “There is a collection of data, but private schools are not always included” (Italy) or is not collected on a regular basis, therefore the available data is outdated: “There is no recent data on this statistics, the last statistics were published in 2006” (New Zealand). Another issue raised was that data is available but not publicly accessible (Antigua And Barbuda, Albania) therefore difficult to use those for early intervention programs etc.
(Jackson, New Zealand): “The Ministry collects data on those children with disabilities who receive an early intervention service in an early childhood education setting. These figures are reported in the Ministry of Education’s Annual Report on www.education.govt.nz”
(Pescod, UK): “Current, annually updated statistics about children with disabilities attending preschool (or nursery schools, kindergartens, etc. no matter who runs the institution) are available and can be found in an official publication or website. “ http://www.adls.ac.uk/department-for-education/dcsf-npd/?detail
Article 31 Statistics and data collection
- States Parties undertake to collect appropriate information, including statistical and research data, to enable them to formulate and implement policies to give effect to the present Convention. The process of collecting and maintaining this information shall:
- Comply with legally established safeguards, including legislation on data protection, to ensure confidentiality and respect for the privacy of persons with disabilities;
- Comply with internationally accepted norms to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms and ethical principles in the collection and use of statistics.
- The information collected in accordance with this article shall be disaggregated, as appropriate, and used to help assess the implementation of States Parties’ obligations under the present Convention and to identify and address the barriers faced by persons with disabilities in exercising their rights.
- States Parties shall assume responsibility for the dissemination of these statistics and ensure their accessibility to persons with disabilities and others.