If a legal framework towards inclusive education exists for compulsory education (normally primary and secondary schools): Is there a funding mechanism in place as well, including the re-allocating of public budgets from a segregated, special school system towards inclusive mainstream schools?
Even when a legal framework is in place, in most countries many obstacles exist and prevent systems and societies from changing. The main reason is a lack of resources and public budgets. Still, in almost all countries, public budgets are provided for the existing segregated school system, with special schools in the heart of this system. Thus, in many countries, change will only happen, when those existing public budgets are effectively – in most cases slowly, but steadily – re-allocated towards inclusive education, and the budgets for special schools are (slowly but steadily) reduced towards: adjusting curricula, teach the trainers and teachers how to provide assistance, in the usage of assistive devices and of accessible learning material.
The lack of public funds often prevents schools to provide reasonable accommodation, to train teachers in inclusive education and therefore to offer education at mainstream schools to children with disabilities. Only 17 percent of respondents stated that their country has a mechanism in place where the funds for special schools can be reallocated and used to make the mainstream education system inclusive: 35 percent replied with no – in more than one third of the 129 countries covered by the questionnaire such reallocation of public funds is not possible.