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Promoting the use of the Scripor alphabet, tactile representations of colour
The Scripor alphabet, invented in 2018 by the Asociatia Alfabetul Scripor from Romania, is the first universal colour standardization in Braille. Ten colours can be distinguished in light and dark with only two combinations of dots. International promotion of the alphabet is done through manuals and workshops.
Scripor Alphabet Association, Scripor Alphabet, Romania
Finnish anti-bullying programme for schools going international
With KiVa Anti-Bullying, the University of Turku has developed a comprehensive, research-based programme to reduce the spread and negative consequences of bullying in secondary schools. The programme has been used in schools nationwide since 2009 and was also available in six other countries in 2016.
University of Turku, Finland
Changing a whole country´s approach on children´s institutions
Together with the Moldovan Government, Lumos has promoted an integrated policy and programme of deinstitutionalisation. Since launching the programme in 2007, the number of children in institutions has dropped by 86 per cent and since 2010, more than 6,000 children have been admitted to inclusive mainstream school.
Lumos Foundation, Moldova
Returning children to their families and an inclusive environment
Based on an inclusive policy and the programme, children with disabilities were allowed to leave residential care and return to their communities while receiving education in a mainstream school. Between 2007 and 2013 the number of children in institutions could be reduced from more than 11,500 to less than 4,000.
Lumos Foundation Moldova, Moldova
Living alone with individualized support
API developed models of community-based services, such as "organized housing" and specialized foster family care, to enable children and adults with intellectual disabilities to move from large residential institutions to a life in the community. In 2003, "organised housing" was introduced by law as a new type of service.
Association for Promoting Inclusion, Croatia
"Proefwonen" – fast access to affordable homes
Through "Proefwonen", housing and social service providers collaborate to facilitate rental access for people with intellectual disabilities or mental health problems. A steering group matches available housing with the candidate-tenants through a consensus process. 24 candidate-tenants have entered the program over a period of three years.
Zennevalley Home Furnishings, Belgium
Peer counselling as an approved profession
With the help of the regional Independent Living Centre, Upper Austria introduced peer counselling as a social profession in 2008, and it remains the only region to do so worldwide. Since 2009 more than 70 professionals have been certified. In 2014, 76 peer counsellors offered up to 1,320 hours of service per week.
Austrian Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection, AMENDMENT OF THE SOCIAL PROFESSIONS ACT, Austria
De-Institutionalisation and Community Living since 1980
Since 1980 the city of Trieste has closed psychiatric hospitals and set up a network of 24-hour community mental health centres capable of dealing with the most severe conditions and of supporting clients in their daily life. In 2015 the Trieste DMH managed 4 community mental health centres, each with 4–8 beds.
WHO - World Health Organisation, Collaborating Centre for Research and Training, Italy
Personal Ombudsmen in Sweden
In Sweden a nationwide system of Personal Ombudsmen provides support in decision-making for persons with severe mental or psychosocial disabilities. POs assist individuals, identify care needs, but they have no medical responsibility, nor do they make any decisions in the capacity of an authority.
Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, ESTABLISHING A NATIONWIDE SYSTEM OF PERSONAL OMBUDSMEN, Sweden
The right to a personal assistance budget
The personal assistance budget (PAB) covers 100% of service costs, and enables individuals themselves to purchase self-directed personal assistance services from public and private entities. Notably, the policy has created a demand-driven market for personal assistance where providers compete for customers.
Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, THE ACT CONCERNING SUPPORT AND SERVICE TO PERSONS WITH CERTAIN FUNCTIONAL IMPAIRMENTS & THE ASSISTANCE BENEFIT ACT, Sweden