Innovative Policy 2017 on Employment and Vocational Education & Training
A target and a push for inclusive skills training and employment
|Responsible body||Directorate of Technical Education (DTE); International Labour Organisation|
Based on the National Skills Development Policy of 2011, which sets out a framework for improving skills training for all while also establishing an overall enrolment target of 5 per cent for persons with disabilities, Bangladesh and ILO’s work for inclusion in skills and employment focuses on the Directorate of Technical Education’s (DTE) innovative practices and its departmental policy of a 5 per cent admission quota for persons with disabilities. As of 2016, 140 vice-principals of TVET Institutes were trained in disability inclusion, DTE enrolled 328 students with disabilities, and 80 per cent of the 80 trained persons with disabilities got a job.
To address the main barriers – negative attitudes and a lack of accessible infrastructure – that hinder persons with disabilities to be included in the skills system, the National Skills Development Policy (NSDP) was established. The NSDP is a major outcome of a skills reform project funded by the Government, European Union and the ILO, and underpinned by the Disabled Welfare Act of 2001. In 2009, a first draft of the policy was finalised and consultations were held, before it was then approved in 2012. In 2013, the NSDP Implementation Plan (2013-16) further clarified the responsibilities of all stakeholders. In 2015, Directorate of Technical Education issued a Circular to implement the 5 per cent admission quota for persons with disabilities.
«Bangladesh is showcased as the “gold standard”, in terms of breadth and depth of its skills work.»
Bangladesh’s National Skills Development Policy of 2012, implemented by the DTE and monitored by the National Skills Development Council with advice of the ILO, is reforming the vocational training sector to become more inclusive. NSDP recommends the creation of an implementation strategy to upgrade facilities, train instructors, provide accommodations, and enrol 5 per cent people with disabilities in skill programmes. In 2014, a Draft National Strategy for Disability Inclusion in Skills Development was produced, and three ministries have since developed such a plan. In 2015, DTE issued its own departmental policy for a 5 per cent admission quota for persons with disabilities; and it encouraged all TVET institutes to partner with disabled people’s organizations and to include disability in their plans, budgets, procurement, and appraisals. In 2016, the Bangladesh Business and Disability Network (BBDN) was launched. Until 2015, there was a five-year budget of US$20 million provided by the EU. Currently, Canada supports the reform efforts.