Do persons with disabilities have the right to stand for elections, to effectively hold office and perform all public functions at all levels of government?
This question refers to the legal capacity of all persons with disabilities to fully participate in political and public life on an equal basis with others.
50% of experts responded positively, and 34.7% stated that there are qualifications, meaning that not every person with disabilities or not all public functions at all levels of government are available. Some key challenges raised included:
- Some Contradictions and exceptions made in electoral texts imply the marginalisation of PWDs. Some respondents noted there are no alliances with PWDs’ organisations to promote the political participation of PWDs. Overall there is a lack of legal frameworks supporting the promotion of PWDs’ ability to stand for elections
- Practical barriers: inaccessible work buildings and other facilities, lack of power to be elected. These constraints also rely on funds available to provide all these facilities especially regarding communication and interpretation facilities
- Social barriers: stigma from the audience voting preventing individuals from going further political participation. PWDs also restrict themselves in practise to be elected as they are aware there are not enough support services or legal capacity from the courts to support their right to be elected
- Intellectual disabilities barriers: generally, the right to be elected depends on the type of disability