Do persons with disabilities have the right to vote by secret ballot in election?
This question is referring to every voter’s inalienable right to vote secretly. The question refers to the electoral processes at all levels (local, national, etc).
Results show a positive general figures, with 50% of responses confirming every voter has the right to vote by secret ballot, and 38% stating this is only achieved partially and that voters may not be able to vote secretly. Comments highlighted the following issues:
- Blind or intellectual disabilities restrictions: In several countries, people with visual impairment, psychosocial disabilities cannot vote secretly, they need to vote through their assistant. In some cases, there are also no wheelchair accessibility, and PWDs have to wait for mobile teams to go to their homes to vote
- Illiteracy rate among PWDs: Illiteracy of PWDs harshly limits the capacity of PWDs to vote, it is common that PWDs are “used” for fraud.
- Voting assistants and confidentiality: Many respondents have claimed voting assistants serve as pure support to people who do not have the capacity to vote.
However, some practical alternatives and accessible voting facilities were highlighted: application for postal vote, home or e-voting, mobile ballot boxes, braille, large print or audio ballots and isolated polling booths facilities for secret voting with set measures for wheelchair access.