Is official data available on children with disabilities who are in compulsory education (normally primary and secondary schools)?
Only 13 percent of experts stated that data on children with disabilities in compulsory education are available in their country. The major issue several times mentioned is the fact that no data on out-of-school children is available (Antigua And Barbuda, Poland, Albania, United Kingdom, Zimbabwe, Italy,) and therefore no correct analysis on children with disabilities in compulsory education can be taken. Estimates suggest that 30 percent of all primary age children who are out of school are children with disabilities. (source: UNESCO (2008)).
Another problem is that often not all types of disabilities are covered in the data (Netherlands, Myanmar) and the statistics are not undertaken on a regular basis therefore data is outdated (Guatemala, Austria). 42 percent of respondents stated that not such data exists at all.
Joanna Wojtynska, Polish Disability Forum, Poland: “Data on children with disabilities enrolled exist but it is not possible to see it in relation to all children with disabilities of that age and in comparison to the out-of-school children with disabilities of that age.”
Salai Vanni Bawi, Myanmar Council of Persons with Disabilities, Myanmar: “National census mentioned some data on educational accessibility of PWDs, but it cannot cover for all types of disability”.
Article 31: Statistics and data collection
- States Parties undertake to collect appropriate information, including statistical and research data, to enable them to formulate and implement policies to give effect to the present Convention. The process of collecting and maintaining this information shall:
- Comply with legally established safeguards, including legislation on data protection, to ensure confidentiality and respect for the privacy of persons with disabilities;
- Comply with internationally accepted norms to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms and ethical principles in the collection and use of statistics.
- The information collected in accordance with this article shall be disaggregated, as appropriate, and used to help assess the implementation of States Parties’ obligations under the present Convention and to identify and address the barriers faced by persons with disabilities in exercising their rights.
- States Parties shall assume responsibility for the dissemination of these statistics and ensure their accessibility to persons with disabilities and others.