Are all newly constructed buildings, to which there is public access, required by law to be accessible to all persons with disabilities?
Accessibility should be based on widely known and respected sets of criteria. This ensures both that it meets the interest of all persons with disabilities, and that it conforms to the highest standards. And it refers not only to the built environment itself but also to signage in Braille and in easy to read and understand forms. Buildings to which there is public access include not only municipal buildings, but also, for example, cinemas, supermarkets, banks, schools, shops, sport and leisure facilities (e.g. museums) etc. What remedies exists if the law is contravened? If there is no legislation, is it planned?
81% of responses reported that all newly constructed buildings are either fully or partially required by law to be accessible to persons with disabilities. The main issues observed were:
- A lack of enforcement on building regulations mainly due to an absence of implementation mechanisms and sanctions
- A reliance on non-state actors to monitor the accessibility of newly constructed buildings
- Regional disparities in the enforcement of the legislations
- Enforcement of the laws are only done partially, leading to having accessible paths only in public buildings, building entrances, which are often limited to the accessibibility of persons with physical disabilities