In September 2016 Zero Project Partner the European Network on Independent Living (ENIL) organised a study visit on deinstitutionalisation in Stockholm, Sweden. The aim of the study visit was to present the steps Sweden took to close its institutions for disabled people – a process which ended 16 years ago, on 1 January 2000. The key messages of the study visit were captured on camera, in a short film, which can be accessed here:

Watch ‘Institutions Are Not Solutions: Learning from the Swedish experience’

Deinstitutionalisation is often referred to as a ‘complex’ process. The objective of this study visit was to break it down into steps and to speak to those involved in the reforms. The Act Concerning Support and Services for Persons with Certain Functional Impairments (so-called LSS) played a key part in the process. It came into effect at the beginning of 1994, with different measures including the legal right to personal assistance. This legislation – a Zero Project Innovative Policy 2015 – helped close long-stay residential institutions and enabled people to live in their own apartments or small homes housing 5 – 6 persons.

If you are interested in knowing more about the study visit or in attending a study visit on deinstitutionalisation in the future, please contact Jamie Bolling (