Are all newly constructed buildings, to which there is public access, required by law to be accessible to all persons with disabilities?

Explanation

Accessibility should be based on widely known and respected sets of criteria. This ensures both that it meets the interest of all persons with disabilities, and that it conforms to the highest standards. And it refers not only to the built environment itself but also to signage in Braille and in easy to read and understand forms. Buildings to which there is public access include not only municipal buildings, but also, for example, cinemas, supermarkets, banks, schools, shops, sport and leisure facilities (e.g. museums) etc. What remedies exists if the law is contravened? If there is no legislation, is it planned?

In detail

Summary

45 percent of respondents stated that it is required by law to have all newly constructed buildings, to which there is public access, accessible to all persons with disabilities. Even though such law exists in many countries it was mentioned by respondents that there is a lack of monitoring to ensure the law is implemented (Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Colombia, Denmark, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Italy, Jordan, Moldova, Namibia

Nepal, Pakistan, Sweden, Tanzania, Mauritius). In many countries the accessibility to public buildings is only limited to certain disabilities, it does not enable all persons with any kind of disabilities to have access. In most countries the built environment is made accessible for persons with physical disabilities, only (Ukraine, Singapore, New Zealand, Rwanda, Ghana, Armenia, Austria, Benin, Chile, Cyprus, India, Japan, Nepal, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Taiwan, Bangladesh). Another reason mentioned by the experts why buildings are not made accessible is that historic buildings are exempted from the law (Austria, Montenegro, Ireland). 23 percent of experts replied such law does not exist in their respective countries.

Comments

Keiichiro Tamaru, Japan : “The law covers only for building, and not for contents of information.”

RAJASREE VRINDAVAN, India : “Apart from building ramps and rails the law does not ensure accessibility to all persons with disabilities. Moreover the existing laws does not ensure any remedies for contravention.”

Andreas Jull Sørensen, Denmark : “There is a law, but there are exemptions and lack of sanctions.”

Caroline Carswell, Ireland : “Historic and older buildings are not always physically accessible to people who have mobility issues. Acoustics in new buildings are not always considered (or tested).”

CRPD Article

Art. 9 Accessibility

Relates to UN CRPD article No. 9 (Accessibility)